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Evaluation of the effectiveness and sustainability of the native chicken model with earthworms

In 2016, the project of Forest and Delta in Nghe An province implemented a model of raising native chicken with earthworms in Long Quang – Tien Phong village – Nghe An with a total of 69 households participating.

Objective of the model: Developing garden chicken raising combined with earthworm raising, increasing income for households relying on forests, reducing pressure on forest resources and sustainable forest protection and development

Selected chicken breeds are local grass chickens, chickens are kept in cages in combination with a fence garden. Feed for chickens is corn, beans, peanuts … mixed with earthworms grown by the family. Prepare earthworm rearing tanks in accordance with the number of chickens raised. On average, raising 100 chickens requires 5m2 of earthworm raising area. Chickens are periodically vaccinated according to the instructions of the technicians.

After implementation, we have synthesized and re-evaluated the effectiveness and sustainability of the model as follows:

  1. Evaluate the effectiveness of the model

 Economic efficiency:

The project’s support has a positive effect, helping people to be aware and aware of raising chickens for sale to generate income. However, due to the small-scale operation model, the people in the project area have long enjoyed preferential treatment from government / non-government project programs, so the maintenance of investment is not long-term. . Most households gradually reduce the amount of investment and time for the model at the end of the season.

 Effective response to climate change

Backyard chicken farming combines earthworm farming to solve the problem of utilizing locally available food sources (corn, peanuts, soybean, green vegetables, etc.) to mix with earthworms, thereby reducing food costs. , increase breeding efficiency; restricting diseases through vaccination and making sheds to protect rain and sun, raising earthworms to create a nutritious food source for chickens to solve the current food shortage problem, thereby reducing the impacts of climate change on breeding in general and chicken raising in particular.

Social effectiveness for the community

The model works according to interest groups raising chickens and earthworms, forming a group that provides products large enough to market, access to information and investment opportunities (loans, knowledge, veterinary drugs). but single livestock households are difficult to access.

  1. Assessing the sustainability of the model

 Economy: Financially for the community

Support from the project includes capacity building activities (technical training on raising chickens and earthworm raising), households invest in making cages, buying breeding chickens to raise. Each household has 50-100 chicks.

In the first case, the relatives responded. Farmed chickens kept in cages and surrounded by fenced-in gardens instead of freely roaming in the same manner as before should help with the disease. The earthworms are well developed by the head farmers.

About environment

People are aware that keeping chickens in combination with raising earthworms for chicken feed is environmentally friendly as chickens will be less susceptible to epidemics and chicken waste treatment will be easier. In particular, the collection of waste, animal manure, agricultural by-product waste as food for earthworms will clean houses and villages, thereby contributing to a healthier environment.

Socially:

Many people asked when they answered that they knew that raising chickens in combination with earthworms is suitable for the economic and environmental conditions of families and communities, however, many labors, such as making cages, garbage collection … etc

Due to the short operating time of the model, there is no assessment for model replication. However, Que Phong is a mountainous district, which promotes animal husbandry, especially animal husbandry, which is always provided by the district.

  1. Evaluate the ability to replicate the model and develop the market

Advantage

Farming chicken is suitable with the capacity of households with little labor, suitable to the local socio-economic conditions. The market potential is huge when grass chicken meat is increasingly popular and trusted.

Cinnamon is an extremely nutritious food source for chickens and can replace other industrial foods. Earthworm farming does not require too much technical complexity, households have been trained and many households have succeeded. The earthworm rearing has ensured the supply of food (worms) for chickens, ducks, geese, and geese, but also clean houses, clean neighbors because the food of earthworms is buffaloes, cows, pigs and chickens, agricultural waste.

Livestock policy of the province: Currently Nghe An province has issued Decision No. 87/2014 / QD-UBND dated November 17, 2014 promulgating a number of policies to support investment in agricultural development in the province.

Difficulties

Customary expectations of long-term people. Disease outbreaks occur regularly, while the sense of vaccination for the population of cattle and poultry is uneven. Households are not brave enough to invest much farming capital into a source of bulk goods supply.

Since the location of the model selection is Thai, deep and remote, people here are too familiar with benefits, but grazing practices are still very popular, so it is difficult to replicate. The second reason is that the commune is far away from town, so the supply of preventive vaccines for chickens is not available and the third reason is the introduction of earthworm raising for the first time, but due to custom free grazing, there is no source of manure for earthworms, making it difficult to replicate earthworm raising.

  1. Lessons learned and recommendations

With the goal of developing garden chicken raising combined with earthworm raising for chicken feed is an improved breeding method, creating clean chicken products, adapting to current climate change. The piloted model is a good opportunity for people living in areas near forests, relying on forest resources to create livelihood activities, increase income towards reducing exploitation of forest resources, thereby contributing to sustainable forest protection and development. However, the approach of the project only focuses on technical assistance such as training, guidance on group breeding which is not effective when the beneficiaries here (mostly Thai people) are usually enjoy free subsidies from the Government and other project programs.

The implementation of the model has not created the “ownership” for households, especially the local authorities (villages and communes), so they have not promoted their sense of ownership for the model, leading to neglect in monitoring, managing the implementation of the model.

Recommendations for the upcoming model, it is necessary to create a “master” model for local partners, giving them more rights and information in the selection, establishment and operation of models.

Linking with enterprises, large processing facilities to establish cooperative consumption consumption for farmers, in which the role of district and commune authorities connect and support is very important.

By Hoang Thi Nguyet – Livelihoods Officer

 

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