Address: Ngoc Lam Commune, Thanh Chuong District Author: admin Ngoc Lam is a mountainous commune of Thanh Chuong District, Nghe An Province newly formed in 2009 from the resettlers of Ban Ve hydropower. The commune has 14 villages, 1340 households with a total of 5664 people. Ethnic Affairs mainly Thai (accounting for 98.3%, Kinh, Kho Mu and other ethnic groups account for 1.7%. Talking to the project survey team, Commune People Committee (CPC), Chairman of Ngoc Lam shared that “this is a record for the most up multiple social resettlement 1) social resettlement compensation at least, 2) social resettlement ground level at least; 3) the poorest social resettlement; 4) resettlement communes are more single women and 5) social resettlement rate downsizing staff most “(by gross 4 communes immigrants into one communal resettlement). Ngoc Lam poor people are faced with three major difficulties that groups the project will aim to solve Poverty: a resettlement communes have good infrastructure (electricity, roads, schools and health services), but poverty as a persistent problem for communities in the commune. The number of poor households according to new standards (400,000 VND( 19 USD) / person / month) is 1,176 households, ie poverty rate was 87.76% in the whole commune. Poor households in the commune is not mainly the families of officials and teachers have income from salary or some Kinh opened a small grocery store. Ngoc Lam is one of the poorest communes in Thanh Chuong district. The main reason causing the said poverty is due to: People do not have enough farming techniques on resettlement land has been allocated land by the poor, degraded, eroded, more land has been bulldozed take soil layer on the surface can not be cultivated according to traditional techniques of her children. On the production area has been allocated (2500 m2 / person), there are no land capable of cultivation of rice is staple food of the people. Currently people mainly cassava and glue with very low productivity. According to preliminary discussions with social workers, the proportion of the income of households in the commune 1 from agriculture is about 20% from crops, livestock is 30%, employment and income from forest ( exploiting natural resources, illegal hunting ) accounted for 50%. People hardly have access to extension services, agricultural and manufacturing support from state agencies. In addition to limited funding issues from the agencies / programs of the government, the local extension agency did not have the technical capacity to help find solutions to the people’s livelihood in the Commune. The degradation of forest resources and land: as a consequence of poverty, land and forest resources of the commune and the surrounding areas are being seriously degraded. The yield of cassava grown on land which has been allocated declining. Land is increasingly degraded, eroded and faded, many areas currently abandoned and can not be cultivated without the appropriate technical measures Ngoc Lam is located in the western province of Nghe An Biosphere Park is a biosphere reserve has the largest area of Southeast Asia. When settlers arrived, the number of wild animals such as deer, monkeys, squirrels, wild boars often caught in the communal area in the Commune. However, at present this species is very limited. According to the chairman of the CPC, the proportion of wild animals are left in the forest near the village, “the former 10 parts are now only 0.5 parts”. Quite a number of households in the commune informed as hunting, collecting non-timber forest products (cement, medicinal plants) from the forests around the Commune is a source of income / staple food. The survey also showed that interventions need to raise awareness for people to protect forest resources / wildlife. Problem degradation of forest resources and biodiversity of the forests in the area were also Ngoc Lam agencies mass media voiced Because land degradation, reduced agricultural productivity, reduced revenues from the forest, if no urgent measures to help the villagers, the pressure on forests and biological resources in the region will increasingly lead to complete destruction of land resources, forest resources and biodiversity in the region.