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Implementation of REDD + with Program for changing small timber forest plantation to big timber forest plantation with long cycle in Thanh Hoa province

The North Central Coast Emissions Reduction plan (hereinafter collectively referred to as the plan) is the first scheme for GHG emission reduction in Vietnam, which will be implemented from 2019 to 2025. Six provinces in North Central Vietnam are Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue

The area registered for the project is 1.088.208 ha, total emission reduction (including carbon emission reduction and carbon sequestration) is 19.5 million tons of equivalent carbon dioxide (symbolic of tCO2), of which 10.3 million tCO2 of the scheme will be purchased by the Carbon Fund of $ 5 / tCO2 if the scheme achieves 100% of the target emission reductions. Thanh Hoa has registered the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) in the North Central Region (Official Letter 9070 / UBND-NN dated 07/12/2012 by the Provincial People’s Committee) in 138 communes in 16 districts Quan Son, Lang Chanh, Ba Thuoc, Thuong Xuan, Nhu Xuan, Nhu Thanh, Cam Thuy, Ngoc Lac, Hoang Hoa, Hau Loc, Tinh Gia, Thach Thanh, Ha Trung, Quang Xuong. , the total area of ​​the project is 238,179ha, of which, registration of interventions for conversion of short-term plantation forest to long cycle of big timber supply is 5,000ha and planting of big timber forest is 5,000ha. These are important interventions that contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the Project in particular and the strategy to improve the productivity of plantation forests in Thanh Hoa province in general.

Thanh Hoa has a total natural area of 1,111,465 ha, forest and forestry land area of 647,055.98 ha; Of which, there are 598,573.51 ha of covered forest (384,082.81 ha of natural forest and 214,490.7 ha of  forest production). However, there are more than 100 thousand hectares of planted forest under the planning of production forests, most of which are from households, but mainly small woods with a 5-7 year cycle as a whole. wood and paper chips, productivity and quality of planted forests are low, average only 10-12 m3 / ha / year, average profit is very low from 7-9 million / ha / year.

This situation not only affects the value of wood products but also affects people’s incomes and environmental issues, which will also be a challenge for Thanh Hoa to fulfill 100% of its plan. According to experts, some of the main challenges and barriers to large-scale long-term conversion are:

i) Regarding production methods: The link between forest planters and processing enterprises and the market is not tight (enterprises do not have effective capital, technical support, product consumption for people. between enterprises efficiency is not high); ii) Regarding varieties and techniques: Long-term timber forest business cycle, large capital investment is only available to large enough households and large area to implement, partly psychological people are still familiar with seedling nursing from seeds at cheaper prices. Households are mainly in upland areas with poor living conditions and lack of capital for production. iii) In terms of capital and credit: Because big timber business has a longer cycle than small timber (pulp, chip, etc.), investment costs are higher, while production loans It is difficult for organizations and households to plant forests with long business cycles and high risks, so banks often do not want loans for afforestation. iv) On the market: Although growing big timber forests for higher economic value, due to the demand of pulp and paper market, the forest owners have only identified forest business as supplying small wood materials;

In addition to the challenges, Thanh Hoa also has many potential advantages to change the plantation model: i) Land and forest resources: The province has over 100 thousand hectares of planted forest and over 30,000 hectares of land. Vacant land belongs to production forest, occupying 22% of forest land. This is a great potential for development of forest economy in general, development of big timber in particular. ii) Regarding labor: The population of working age is over 2.16 million, accounting for 58.8% of the provincial population. iii) Big timber demand: According to forecasts of the Vietnam Timber and Forest Products Association, the demand for big timber supply is expected to reach 4-5 million cubic meters per year. Big timber consumption next time is huge. On the other hand, consumption trends of the world market have gradually shifted from the consumption of natural forest products to the use of planted-forest products of clear origin.

In view of the above situation, Thanh Hoa has promulgated and implemented many policies, programs and projects to improve the economic efficiency of plantation forests in the direction of restructuring the crop and processed wood products, creating the raw material area. Focusing on processing industry and export. Accordingly, the Party Executive Committee of Thanh Hoa province issued Resolution No. 16-NQ / TU dated 20/4/2015 on restructuring agricultural sector to 2020, orientation to 2025 towards productivity improvement. , quality, efficiency, competitiveness and sustainable development; The forestry sector focuses on the following areas: Gradually reducing the area of ​​plantation with low biomass, increasing the area of ​​large timber forest, changing the product structure from exploiting young wood to wood chips Large trees, fast multiplication and production of new forest plant varieties with industrial scale capable of rapid growth, creating large biomass by new technology ,,,

The objective is to establish and develop a stable area of 56,000 hectares of big timber trading areas with major species of Australian Acacia, Flowerpot, Black Star, etc. With a 10-12 year business cycle, The average yield is from 18 to 20 m3 / ha, the average yield is from 200 to 250 m3 / ha, the average revenue is 300-350 million VND / ha, the average profit is 18-25 million VND / ha. /year. Thus, on the same forest area, the big timber business with the business cycle only lasts about 5-7 years compared with small timber but brings the forest value higher than 2.5 – 3 times. Some solutions to improve productivity and quality of planted forests will be implemented drastically such as

Solutions for seed and science and technology: Promote the research of the collection of plant species suitable for each ecological region, with the ability to grow fast, create large biomass, productivity High Quality; ii) Solutions on production relations: To build and expand economic models of forestry production cooperatives and promote institutional conditions for farmers and households to contribute together with enterprises to organize production. forestry value chain; iii) Propaganda solutions: To focus on propagandizing and mobilizing people and enterprises to change their awareness about the lawful use of timber and the use of timber from natural forests to planted forests. iv) Capital and market solutions: Focus on attracting potential investors in finance, science and technology and business management of big timber forest plantation, promoting sustainable forest certification ( FSC), in coordination with the Bank for Social Policies, the Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development to speed up the implementation of credit policies for forestation in accordance with Decree 75/2015 / ND-CP dated September 9, 2015 on mechanisms and policies for forest protection and development, coupled with rapid and sustainable poverty reduction and support for ethnic minorities in the period 2015-2020;v) Mechanism and policy solutions: Develop and promulgate policies to encourage the development of big timber forests in the province, focusing on the following: small-scale timber plantation to large timber business, support for sustainable forest management certification for large timber forestation to increase value added and access to world markets,

Hoang Van Tuan – Forstry Expert .

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