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Quynh Luu mangrove forest needs protection

As a coastal district, previously as well as in the future, Quynh Luu is one of the localities directly affected by the annual flood and storm and the impact of climate change. In previous years, with the support of non-governmental projects from Japan and Denmark, the area of coastal mangrove forests in Quynh Luu has continuously increased and developed well. At the most time, the district has over 500 hectares of mangrove forests and coastal casuarina forests and is one of the districts with the largest and most typical mangrove forest area in Nghe An.

However, in recent years, the area of mangrove forests here is tending to decrease. Up to now, the district has only about 300 hectares of mangrove forest and 40 hectares of casuarina forest in sandy coastal communes. Specifically, Quynh Loc commune reduced 30 hectares (from 100 hectares to 70 hectares), Quynh Thuan reduced 40 hectares (from 80 hectares to 40 hectares), Son Hai from 60 hectares to 20 hectares, Quynh Di from 40 hectares now. about 25 hectares, Quynh Minh from 40 hectares to 35 hectares; In some communes, the area of mangroves remains the same, develops well and is a provider of seeds such as Quynh Thanh and An Hoa.

Understanding, there are many reasons why the mangrove area in Quynh Luu decreased. One of the conditions of the development of the mangrove forest is that the riverine mudflats must be shallow at the time of flooding. However, in many areas of Quynh Luu estuary, due to the change of sea currents and some areas of dike construction, some of the former mangrove forest areas are now no longer suitable to the area lost.

Besides, in Lach Thoi and Lach Con rivers, because boats and ships travel much, repair and sell products as well as prepare to go out and release grease, the undeveloped mangroves lead to disappearance. … According to the assignment process, funded by non-government projects, the Red Cross is the agency in charge of planting and building mangrove forests for localities. After the development of the forest area is relatively stable (about 3 years for maitaining), it will be handed over to local authorities to manage, monitor and benefit.

Witnessing the phenomenon of mangrove forest area being reduced, Mr. Nguyen Si Bay, a Red Cross staff member in Quynh Luu district, has been very concerned and thoughtful for many years. According to Mr. Bay, in addition to objective reasons, some localities have no opinion when the mangroves are encroached. In this work, the Red cross Union assigned local authorities to supervise, so the voice was very limited.

However, for the immediate purpose, many localities have not paid enough attention to the care and protection of the mangrove forest area. In many cases, despite receiving recommendations from the Red Cross, some communes did not have a voice to criticize and even signed projects, and submitted to some businesses and Agents for leveling up some areas. capital which belongs to a land fund for mangrove planting. These areas are normally the alluvial land along the river but are the “golden land” because they are located in front of the river mouth. The leveling and planning of plots for sale to people and services can be immediate is beneficial but long-term is very harmful.

We know about the fact that because of the lack of “Green Belt” of coastal mangroves, many coastal residential areas from Quynh Phuong to Quynh Long and Quynh Thuan have disappeared or have been encroached by the sea for hundreds of meters. The leveling of estuaries and estuaries without careful calculation not only makes the river mouth narrow, leading to the risk of flooding when storms and storms are difficult to travel and there is no anchoring place or shelter when available. storm; funding for embankment and embankment will grow because of lack of mangrove forest …

On the other hand, the benefits of mangrove forests and casuarina protection forests are very high for the environment. Not to mention, some project agencies, after checking and acceptance of the results of mangrove development in some areas of Quynh Luu, showed that after the mangrove forest has been established, there is a suitable environment. The number of native aquatic species such as crab and clam has reappeared.

Through reflecting on the phenomenon of declining coastal mangrove area in Quynh Luu, it is desirable to pay more attention to the local authorities in Quynh Luu in particular and other coastal districts and towns in the province. more to the mangrove planting and development; On the other hand, care must be taken to protect and preserve the existing areas of mangrove forests. If not really because economic development projects, which bring clear benefits to the people, should not sacrifice the area of mangroves. Besides, it is necessary to have measures to manage and protect to develop a reasonable area of casuarina forest to protect coastal sand, exploit the right process; The conversion of purpose of using non-coastal protection forest land must comply with the provisions of law.

Nghe An News

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